Gilbert M. Smith Herbarium (GMS)

The Gilbert M. Smith Herbarium (GMS) consists of over 8,000 specimens collected mostly around the Monterey Peninsula, California. GMS comprises four herbarium cases of specimens, representing more than 600 species. Most of the specimens were collected at or near their type localities and were the basis for illustrations in Abbott and Hollenberg's Marine Algae of California. The primary collectors for this herbarium are Isabella A. Abbott (2,100+ specimens), Gilbert M. Smith (~1,000), George J. Hollenberg (~700), L. E. Hair (~600), James N. Norris (~400), and Wheeler J. North (~350). The physical collection is housed at Hopkins Marine Station of Stanford University. The entire collection was digitized as part of the NSF-funded Macroalgal Digitization Project.

Contacts: Dr. Christopher Neefus,
Curator: Amanda Whitmire,, 831-655-6228 (ORCID #: 0000-0003-2429-8879)
Collection Type: Preserved Specimens
Management: Live Data managed directly within data portal
Global Unique Identifier: 77a4c56b-b0cc-407b-8a2b-458052fa31d9
Digital Metadata: EML File
Rights Holder: Stanford University
Collection Statistics
  • 8,172 specimen records
  • 8,047 (98%) georeferenced
  • 8,033 (98%) with images (8,046 total images)
  • 7,515 (92%) identified to species
  • 95 families
  • 303 genera
  • 637 species
  • 671 total taxa (including subsp. and var.)
Extra Statistics